[TriEmbed] Battery charging while under load

Shane Trent shanedtrent at gmail.com
Wed Feb 19 21:22:46 CST 2020


Charles,

Thanks for the update. Here is my favorite page for discussing how to
extend the operating life of lithium-based rechargeable cells. LT;DR - do
not fully discharge the cells, do not let the cells get warm when fully
charged (or reduce the maximum charge level when the cells are warm) and do
not charge cells to max voltage.

https://batteryuniversity.com/learn/article/how_to_prolong_lithium_based_batteries


Shane

On Wed, Feb 19, 2020 at 10:10 PM Charles West <crwest at ncsu.edu> wrote:

> Thank you guys for excellent answers.  That charger/wall adaptor diagram
> is exactly the sort of situation I am talking about.  I'd heard of using
> MOSFETs to act like a diode, but it's cool to see that they actually have
> IC packages that are specifically implementing that trick to act like a
> more efficient Shottky diode.  I will have to do some more research, but
> this is definitely looking like a promising direction.
>
> For anyone else on the list that might be interested in this sort of
> thing, I thought it might be good to share some of the stuff I've found so
> far.  One of the things that threw me for a while is that all of the
> chargers for LIPOs I've seen hook up to each cell individually, while most
> of the charger ICs I've looked at seemed to hook up to all of the cells in
> series.  What I'm starting to realize is that the ICs I'm looking at seem
> to have split functionality into 2 parts.  You have one IC which is
> responsible for under/over voltage protection of the cells and cell voltage
> balancing (a balancer which typically stays with the battery) and a
> seperate one which feeds power to the balancer combination (constant
> current, then constant voltage).  Essentially, my manual charger is
> combining the two functionalities into one module.  However, if I get a
> battery which has a built in balancer then I only have to worry about the
> charger side of things.
>
> Another useful thing:  There are several different lithium battery
> chemistries floating around and some are better for certain things.  I
> would really like my robots not to catch on fire and the battery not to die
> for several years.  Consequently, lithium iron phosphate batteries are
> looking much better than LIPOs if there current is high enough (which I
> think it will be).
>
> 1. A good guide to LIPOs
> https://rogershobbycenter.com/lipoguide
>
> 2. Decent summary of pros/cons of different battery chemistries
> https://owlcation.com/stem/Comparing-6-Lithium-ion-Battery-Types
>
> 3.  Battery I'm considering using for the robot.
>
> https://www.amazon.com/Miady-Phosphate-Rechargeable-Self-discharge-Replacement/dp/B07Q7FY8CC?th=1
>
> Thanks,
> Charlie
>
> On Tue, Feb 18, 2020 at 7:35 PM Shane Trent via TriEmbed <
> triembed at triembed.org> wrote:
>
>> Charlie,
>>
>> As Pete mentioned, isolating the two power sources using Shottky diodes
>> inline with each power source is a good way to go if you can spare the
>> diode drop (and lost useable voltage range) on the battery pack. The
>> article below goes into more detail on configurations of OR-ing diode
>> configurations and using active diodes (controlled MOSFETs) to reduce the
>> voltage drop when running from a battery pack.
>>
>> https://www.maximintegrated.com/content/dam/files/design/technical-documents/design-solutions/ds50-cut-your-losses-with-an-ideal-diode.pdf
>>
>> Several vendors offer active diodes or smart diodes for use in power
>> OR-ing or solar panel applications. The TI SM74611 looks like it might fit
>> the bill. One of those for each power source and your sources are isolated
>> with a forward voltage drop of 26mV at 8A.
>>
>> https://www.digikey.com/product-detail/en/texas-instruments/SM74611KTTR/296-35688-1-ND/3911155
>>
>>
>> Good luck!
>> Shane
>>
>> On Tue, Feb 18, 2020 at 1:17 PM Pete Soper via TriEmbed <
>> triembed at triembed.org> wrote:
>>
>>> You typically use a schottky diode that can handle the current with a
>>> low voltage drop to keep current from flowing in an unintended direction.
>>> It isn't immediately obvious how your batteries could go flat with the
>>> charger connected and the system running, but an ammeter can help you
>>> determine how much current is going where in the various scenarios. Maybe
>>> the charger is being tricked into turning off? Hard to guess.
>>>
>>> -Pete
>>> On 2/18/20 1:10 PM, Charles West via TriEmbed wrote:
>>>
>>> Hello!
>>>
>>> I'm still working on my robot project and I'm starting to make tentative
>>> steps toward something other people could actually use.  There are a few
>>> open problems remaining, but there is one in particular I was wondering if
>>> you guys might have any ideas for.
>>>
>>> How do you make a LIPO battery system that acts like your laptop?  In
>>> particular, how can you make it so you can run your system off of adaptor
>>> power when it is plugged in/charge the battery and then automatically
>>> switch to battery power when the adaptor power is removed?
>>>
>>> I've tried in the past just leaving my system plugged in while the
>>> battery was charging with an external charger.  The result was dead LIPOs.
>>>
>>> The typical LIPO pack has 2 thick wires coming out with all of the cells
>>> (3 or 4 in my case) in series and a smaller JST connector which exposes
>>> each of the cells in parallel.  My first thought is that you could have
>>> your adaptor voltage higher than the battery series voltage and use one or
>>> more reverse current protection circuits to make the battery stop
>>> discharging in that case and apply power to the charger.  Does that make
>>> sense as an approach?
>>>
>>> They also have battery management ICs (such as the Maxim line) which
>>> include charging, but I'm not sure if they can handle the level of current
>>> that the motors could draw.  What do you guys think?
>>>
>>> Thanks,
>>> Charlie
>>>
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> Triangle, NC Embedded Computing mailing list
>>>
>>> To post message: TriEmbed at triembed.org
>>> List info: http://mail.triembed.org/mailman/listinfo/triembed_triembed.org
>>> TriEmbed web site: http://TriEmbed.org
>>> To unsubscribe, click link and send a blank message: mailto:unsubscribe-TriEmbed at bitser.net?subject=unsubscribe <unsubscribe-TriEmbed at bitser.net?subject=unsubscribe>
>>>
>>> _______________________________________________
>>> Triangle, NC Embedded Computing mailing list
>>>
>>> To post message: TriEmbed at triembed.org
>>> List info:
>>> http://mail.triembed.org/mailman/listinfo/triembed_triembed.org
>>> TriEmbed web site: http://TriEmbed.org
>>> To unsubscribe, click link and send a blank message: mailto:
>>> unsubscribe-TriEmbed at bitser.net?subject=unsubscribe
>>>
>>>
>>
>> --
>> [image: photo]
>> *Shane D Trent*
>> Patent Agent
>>
>> 919-348-0061 | shanedtrent at gmail.com
>>
>> ShaneTrent.com | Skype: skype:shane.trent1
>> <#m_-1770726150317990052_m_4969129109942208450_m_-6448606785845618864_m_-8188417572247860599_SignatureSanitizer_SafeHtmlFilter_>
>> Raleigh, North Carolina
>> <http://www.linkedin.com/in/shanetrent> <http://twitter.com/sdtrent>
>> Create your own email signature
>> <https://www.wisestamp.com/signature-in-email/?utm_source=promotion&utm_medium=signature&utm_campaign=create_your_own&srcid=5623268815667200>
>> _______________________________________________
>> Triangle, NC Embedded Computing mailing list
>>
>> To post message: TriEmbed at triembed.org
>> List info:
>> http://mail.triembed.org/mailman/listinfo/triembed_triembed.org
>> TriEmbed web site: http://TriEmbed.org
>> To unsubscribe, click link and send a blank message: mailto:
>> unsubscribe-TriEmbed at bitser.net?subject=unsubscribe
>>
>>

-- 
[image: photo]
*Shane D Trent*
Patent Agent

919-348-0061 | shanedtrent at gmail.com

ShaneTrent.com | Skype: skype:shane.trent1
<#SignatureSanitizer_SafeHtmlFilter_>
Raleigh, North Carolina
<http://www.linkedin.com/in/shanetrent> <http://twitter.com/sdtrent>
Create your own email signature
<https://www.wisestamp.com/signature-in-email/?utm_source=promotion&utm_medium=signature&utm_campaign=create_your_own&srcid=5623268815667200>
-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://mail.triembed.org/pipermail/triembed_triembed.org/attachments/20200219/f71a2901/attachment-0001.html>


More information about the TriEmbed mailing list